Dessicated Coconut * - Project Profile
Desiccated Coconut Powder is obtained by drying
ground or shredded coconut kernel after the
removal of brown testa. It finds extensive use
in confectioneries, puddings and many other food
preparations as a substitute to raw grated
coconut. In India the product is manufactured by
small scale units scattered in Karnataka, Tamil
Nadu, Kerala and Andhra Pradesh.
Health benefits of desiccated coconut
Desiccated coconut is rich in healthy saturated fats with no cholesterol and is also a good source of dietary fiber. Lauric acid, the major fatty acid from the fat of the coconut, has been recognized for its unique properties in food use, which are related to its antiviral, antibacterial, and antiprotozoal functions. Now, capric acid, another of coconut’s fatty acids has been added to the list of coconut’s antimicrobial components. These fatty acids are found in the largest amounts only in traditional lauric fats, especially from coconut. Also, recently published research has shown that natural coconut fat in the diet leads to a normalization of body lipids, protects against alcohol damage to the liver, and improves the immune system’s anti-inflammatory response.
Coconut contains dietary fiber which passes through the digestive tract without being broken down or absorbed and is passed out of the body. Instead of contributing to health problems like starch and sugar, fiber promotes good health. Coconut is a natural low - carb, high - fiber food ideally suited for low carbohydrate diets. Coconut flour has been found in several studies to have a glycemic lowering effect, because coconut meat has a simple carbohydrate content coupled with a high fiber, it yields a flour that is less disruptive to blood sugar levels. It is vegan, low carb food and gluten free.
It is simple and well-established. Fully grown and matured coconuts of around 1 year are stored with husk for about a month to facilitate absorption of water and separation of coconut kernels from shell walls. After de-husking, their shells are removed and brown portion (also known as Testa) is removed by scrapping it off and in this process around 12-15% of the kernel goes as paring which is further processed to obtain oil, and thus there is a ready market for this by-product. Subsequently, de-shelled coconuts are broken into pieces, washed and disintegrated in powder form. This powder is then dried in tray drier at about 80-90°C and powder is stirred occasionally to ensure uniform drying. On cooling, it is passed through vibratory screen with different mesh sizes to segregate the powder according to mesh size. Finally, it is packed in moisture and oil-proof polythene-lined plywood boxes of 10, 25 or 50 kgs and even in retail packets of 200 / 400g..Recovery of desiccated coconut largely depends upon quality of coconuts. But on an average processing of 100 coconuts gives around 12-13 kgs. of coconut powder. By-products like parings and shell can be sold in the market. The process flow chart is as under:
De husking of coconuts
According to IS 966:1999, DC is produced by a mechanical process of disintegrating, cleaned and dried pieces of pared kernel of fully matured and fresh coconut. The product should be natural white in color. It shall have characteristic taste, odor and flavor. It shall be free from cheesy, smoky, musty or any other objectionable odors, fungus and insect infestation. It shall be crisp, free from rancidity and not show fat sweating. DC is categorized into three types based on the particle siz and are as follows:
Yield of the product is 1 tone from 10,000 coconuts.
List of plant and machinery
Machinery manufacturers list
* The above list of machinery manufacturers is indicative and for reference. Entrepreneur has to ensure the quality and price of the machineries independently and Coconut Development Board is not responsible in this regard.