Coconut Processing Technology  

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*Dessicated Coconut * - Project Profile



Desiccated Coconut Powder is obtained by drying ground or shredded coconut kernel after the removal of brown testa. It finds extensive use in confectioneries, puddings and many other food preparations as a substitute to raw grated coconut. In India the product is manufactured by small scale units scattered in Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Andhra Pradesh.
A study conducted by the Coconut Development Board has revealed that a growing consumer demand for desiccated coconut powder could be developed in the country by resorting to organized market promotion activities for the popularization of the product in consumer packs for household uses. The survey has also shown that desiccated coconut powder in consumer packs is acceptable not only in non-coconut producing states but also in Kerala. From the survey it was revealed that a sizeable section of the middle class and upper class families residing in cities and towns in Kerala would prefer desiccated coconut powder, if readily available, to raw nuts.

*Health benefits of desiccated coconut

Desiccated coconut is rich in healthy saturated fats with no cholesterol and is also a good source of dietary fiber. Lauric acid, the major fatty acid from the fat of the coconut, has been recognized for its unique properties in food use, which are related to its antiviral, antibacterial, and antiprotozoal functions. Now, capric acid, another of coconut’s fatty acids has been added to the list of coconut’s antimicrobial components. These fatty acids are found in the largest amounts only in traditional lauric fats, especially from coconut. Also, recently published research has shown that natural coconut fat in the diet leads to a normalization of body lipids, protects against alcohol damage to the liver, and improves the immune system’s anti-inflammatory response.

Coconut contains dietary fiber which passes through the digestive tract without being broken down or absorbed and is passed out of the body. Instead of contributing to health problems like starch and sugar, fiber promotes good health. Coconut is a natural low - carb, high - fiber food ideally suited for low carbohydrate diets. Coconut flour has been found in several studies to have a glycemic lowering effect, because coconut meat has a simple carbohydrate content coupled with a high fiber, it yields a flour that is less disruptive to blood sugar levels. It is vegan, low carb food and gluten free.

*Manufacturing Process

It is simple and well-established. Fully grown and matured coconuts of around 1 year are stored with husk for about a month to facilitate absorption of water and separation of coconut kernels from shell walls. After de-husking, their shells are removed and brown portion (also known as Testa) is removed by scrapping it off and in this process around 12-15% of the kernel goes as paring which is further processed to obtain oil, and thus there is a ready market for this by-product. Subsequently, de-shelled coconuts are broken into pieces, washed and disintegrated in powder form. This powder is then dried in tray drier at about 80-90°C and powder is stirred occasionally to ensure uniform drying. On cooling, it is passed through vibratory screen with different mesh sizes to segregate the powder according to mesh size. Finally, it is packed in moisture and oil-proof polythene-lined plywood boxes of 10, 25 or 50 kgs and even in retail packets of 200 / 400g..Recovery of desiccated coconut largely depends upon quality of coconuts. But on an average processing of 100 coconuts gives around 12-13 kgs. of coconut powder. By-products like parings and shell can be sold in the market. The process flow chart is as under:

De husking of coconuts


Removal of brown testa






According to IS 966:1999, DC is produced by a mechanical process of disintegrating, cleaned and dried pieces of pared kernel of fully matured and fresh coconut. The product should be natural white in color. It shall have characteristic taste, odor and flavor. It shall be free from cheesy, smoky, musty or any other objectionable odors, fungus and insect infestation. It shall be crisp, free from rancidity and not show fat sweating. DC is categorized into three types based on the particle siz and are as follows:

  • Fine – if size of particle is between 1.40mm and 1.00 mm or if it is retained on 1.00mm IS test sieve.
  • Medium- If size of particle is between 1070 mm and 1.40 mm or if it is retained on 1.40 mm iS sieve.
  • Coarse – If size of particle is more than 1.70 mm or if it passes through 1.70 mm IS test sieve.

Yield of the product is 1 tone from 10,000 coconuts.


*Composition of the Product


Moisture 1.3 - 2.5%
Protein 6.0 - 6.6%
Oil 68 - 72%
Carbhydrate 18 - 72%
Crude fibre 4 - 6%
Source: Tropical Foods, Chemistry and Nutrition, Volume 2, Edited by George E. Inglett


*List of plant and machinery

S No


1 Coconut de shelling machine
2 Brown skin removing machine
3 Washing unit
4 Whole nut inspection conveyor
5 Disintegration unit
6 Blanching unit
7 Dryer with pre drying circuit and dust collection system
8 DC powder cooler
9 Lump breaker
10 Vibro seive
11 Intermediate conveyors


*Capital investment

Components Capacity (Rs. in lakhs)
15000 coconuts per day 25000 coconuts per day
Land Own Own
Building & Civil works 35.00 45.00
Plant & machinery 67.00 87.00
ETP 5.00 5.00
Elecrification 4.00 5.00
Generator 10.00 10.00
Pre-operative expenses 0.67 0.87
Working capital margin 8.00 13.00
Total 129.00 165.87


*Machinery manufacturers list

Sl. No Name of the Unit Address of the Registered Office Website / email
  Marshall-Flower Engineers India (P) Ltd Marshall Sons & Co. Tea Pvt Ltd, Harrington Court, Flat No 16, Kolkatta 700071 2282-9363,9367
L&F Machineries Chemmanda, Near Inrinjakkuda, Karalam-PO, Thrissur – 680711 Ph: 0484- 2889549/ 9847293050 / 9495917378
  GEM Allied Industries Pvt Ltd GEM Group of Companies,
10/C Middleton Row, 3rd Floor,
Kolkata - 700 071 gem(dot)forgings(at)vsnl(dot)com
Teakrafts, Coimbatore
9443708418 (Mr Kumar Suresh)
Coimbatore – 0422-2674814/15
Kolkata 03322833613/ 30283626, enquiry(at)tiglobal(dot)com
  T & I Global Lt1, 1, Jassal House, 4-A Auckland Square, Kolkata- 700 017
9443708418 (Mr Kumar Suresh)
Coimbatore – 0422-2674814/15
03322833613/ 30283626
18, SIDCO Industrial Estate, Kurichi, Coimbatore 641 021, India, Phones:- 0422-2674814/2674815
Mr Sangeet Bagaria 9443318408 at Coimbatore, tk(at)tiglobal(dot)com
Vikram India Limited Head Office Tobacco House, 1, Old Court House Corner, Kolkata – 700 001 Ph: 033 22307299
  Tea Mech (India) Registered Office:- 96D, Karaya Road, 4th Floor, Kolkata – 700 019
033- 22812912 / 033- 22812913
IX/417-B, Near Apollo Tyres,
Perambra P.o., Thrissur(Dt).
Kerala. Pin - 680 689
0480 2723887 / 480 3291249 / 04803261249

* The above  list  of machinery  manufacturers is indicative and for reference.  Entrepreneur has to ensure the quality and price of the machineries independently and Coconut Development Board is not responsible in this regard.

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